Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland, and home to its new parliament, Holyrood. Set just inland of the Firth of Forth, the city boasts volcanic features such as Arthur’s Seat to the south and Castle Rock in the city centre. Princes Street is perhaps the most spectacular ‘High Street’ in Britain, as shoppers can look across Princes Gardens to Edinburgh Castle, standing high on Castle Rock.
As befits a capital city, Edinburgh has national museums and galleries, 4,500 listed buildings, and is home to the iconic Edinburgh Festival, Military Tattoo, and Hogmanay - the ultimate New Year party. Central Edinburgh is a grand place of solid stone buildings, Scottish heritage and places of interest. Its coastline includes the Port of Leith where the Royal Yacht Britannia rests, and which is a departure point for cruises in addition to its cargo heritage. Edinburgh also boasts Scotland’s busiest airport, a showground, exhibition and conference centres, universities, football and rugby stadia, a zoo, observatory, botanic gardens and numerous golf courses.
From Queensferry, bridges take the East Coast main railway line and the main road across the Firth of Forth to Fife. The Forth (railway) Bridge dates from 1890 and is the second longest cantilever bridge in the world. Its silhouette is instantly recognizable. Nearby is the Forth Road Bridge, a suspension bridge opened in 1964. However, due to traffic volumes and structural concerns, there is discussion about building another road bridge.
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